Art in public spaces
In the Kant-Park more than 40 large sculptures surround the Lehmbruck Museum, often related to their specific situation and location. On their way to the Duisburg Innenhafen, visitors often discover the fountain mile (Brunnenmeile) in Königstraße, and also art in many suburban railway stations. A steel sculpture from Menashe Kadishman can be found among others in the “Garten der Erinnerungen” (Garden of Memories) from Dani Karavan, a location that also serves as a stage for new forms of industrial culture. The grave of Wilhelm and Anita Lehmbruck designed by Manfred Lehmbruck can be found in the forest cemetery in Düsseldorfer Straße (“Neuer Friedhof” stop on the U 79 transport line). The 25-metre high “Rheinorange” pillar by Lutz Fritsch can be found at the conjunction of the Ruhr and Rhine rivers.
The fountain mile
The boulevard of Königstraße, a pedestrian zone since 1993, has been transformed into an artistic experience that is truly unique in German cities. The wonderfully convincing idea of the fountain mile was conceived by the Braunschweig architect Hartmut Rüdiger following a national competition. The architect was keen to have fountains at the junctions of the crossroads in Königstraße on the background of an atypical architectural scene: fountains as elixirs of life, but also as artistic units of design that make their locations recognisable from afar and from various directions, as unique meeting points and as artistically succinct contrasts to architectural anonymity.
A varied and long history of 15 years led to the realisation of the following fountains (from east to west):
- André Volten, Fountain, stainless steel, 1983
- Otmar Alt, Water mill, bronze, 1986
- Friederich Werthmann, Mercator sphere, steel, 1963 and 1993
- Ulf Hegewald, Urban view, red-brown ceramic on concrete, 1991/93
- Niki de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely, Lifesaver, polyester with paint on teflon coating, steel base, 1989/93
- Thomas Virnich, Ship’s masks, steel and brickwork on concrete, 1991/93
- Wasa Marjanov, Sculpture for Duisburg, water sculpture, stainless steel, 1992
In 1980 the Duisburg Town Hall decided to allow artists to participate in designing the subway stations. Five stations up until now have been artistically designed:
- “Duisburger Rathaus” subway station, artist: Manfred Vogel / Architect: Helmut Kohl (Duisburg)
- “König-Heinrich-Platz” subway station, artist: Isa Genzken and Gerhard Richter / Architect: Hans Ulrich Zigan
- “Hauptbahnhof” subway station, artist: Yael Niemeyer / Architect: Heido Stumpf
- “Meiderich Süd” subway station, artist: Tomas Riehle / Architect: Jörg Husarek
- “Auf dem Damm” subway station, artist: Eberhard Bosslet / Architects: Kornelia Raberg and Heinrich Jochems
Duisburg Innenhafen (inland harbour)
The Duisburg inland harbour is situated just a few minutes on foot from the centre of the city, in the shadow of the medieval Salvatorkirche and the Town Hall. The unique scene of the imposing old storage building and mills that today have been completely taken over by new functions (restaurants/bars, museums, offices) is the starting point for new urban developments in this area.
The 1.8 kilometre-long old harbour area now breathes new life and has become the source and base for structural transformation in the city. The guiding philosophy of “working, living and leisure on the water” has in the meantime become a genuine part of city life and also an exemplary and international model. International stars of architecture such as Foster/Ingenhoven and Herzog/de Meuron have participated decisively in the transformation of the old harbour area. Dani Karavan’s “Garten der Erinnerungen” (Garden of Memories), in which Zvi Hecker’s new Jewish Community Centre is also located, expands the site in terms of architecture and artistic creativity. The Schwanentorbrücke concludes the inland harbour area, and is a lift-bridge and also a technical masterpiece. It’s from here that tour ships start to explore the largest inland harbour in the world, situated at the confluence of the Rhine and Ruhr rivers.